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Excel COUNTIF Function

Excel COUNTIF function
Summary 

COUNTIF is a function to count cells that meet a single criteria. COUNTIF can be used to count cells with dates, numbers, and text that match specific criteria. The COUNTIF function supports logical operators (>,<,<>,=) and wildcards (*,?) for partial matching.

Purpose 
Count cells that match criteria
Return value 
A number representing cells counted.
Syntax 
=COUNTIF (range, criteria)
Arguments 
  • range - The range of cells to count.
  • criteria - The criteria that controls which cells should be counted.
Usage notes 

The COUNTIF function in Excel counts the number of cells in a range that match the supplied criteria

Non-numeric criteria needs to be enclosed in double quotes but numeric criteria does not:

=COUNTIF(A1:A10,100) // count cells equal to 100
=COUNTIF(A1:A10,">32") // count cells greater than 32
=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"jim") // count cells equal to "jim"
=COUNTIF(A1:A10,"<"&B1) // count cells less than value in B1

The wildcard characters ? and * can be used in criteria. A question mark matches any one character and an asterisk matches any sequence of characters.

To find a literal question mark or asterisk, use a tilde (~) in front question mark or asterisk (i.e. ~?, ~*).

See links on this page to more examples with detailed explanations.

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