# Excel VLOOKUP Function

VLOOKUP is an Excel function to lookup and retrieve data from a specific column in table. VLOOKUP supports approximate and exact matching, and wildcards (* ?) for partial matches. The "V" stands for "vertical". Lookup values must appear in the first column of the table, with lookup columns to the right.

**value**- The value to look for in the first column of a table.**table**- The table from which to retrieve a value.**col_index**- The column in the table from which to retrieve a value.**range_lookup**- [optional] TRUE = approximate match (default). FALSE = exact match.

VLOOKUP searches for a value in the first column of a table. At the match row, it retrieves a value from the specified column.

Use VLOOKUP when lookup values are located in the first column of a table with information organized vertically. Use HLOOKUP when lookup values are located in the first row of a table, and each "record" appears in a new column.

**Range_lookup**controls whether**value**needs to match exactly or not. The default is TRUE = allow non-exact match.- Set
**range_lookup**to FALSE to*require*an exact match and TRUE to*allow a non-exact match*. - If
**range_lookup**is TRUE (the default setting), a non-exact match will cause the VLOOKUP function to match the nearest value in the table that is*still less than*.**value** - When
**range_lookup**is omitted, the VLOOKUP function will allow a non-exact match, but it__will use__an exact match if one exists. - If
**range_lookup**is TRUE (the default setting) make sure that lookup values in the first row of the table are sorted in ascending order. Otherwise, VLOOKUP may return an incorrect or unexpected value. - If
**range_lookup**is FALSE (require exact match), values in the first column of**table**do not need to be sorted.

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