The Excel CHAR function returns a character when given a valid character code. CHAR can insert characters that are hard to enter into a formula. For example, CHAR(10) returns a line break and can be used to add a line break to text in a formula.


Get a character from a number

Return value 

A single character specified by a number.


  • number - A number between 1 and 255.

How to use 

The CHAR function returns a character when given a valid character code. Use the CHAR to translate ASCII code page numbers into actual characters. For example:

=CHAR(65) // returns "A"
=CHAR(97) // returns "a"

the CHAR function takes just one argument, number, which must be an integer between 0-255. The result from CHAR is a text value.

The CHAR function was designed to operate in an ASCII/ANSI world and only understands numbers 0-255. For extended character support on modern Unicode systems, see the UNICHAR function.

CHAR can be useful when you want to specify characters in formulas or functions that are awkward or impossible to type directly. For example, you can use CHAR(10) to add a line break in a formula like this:

="line 1"&CHAR(10)&"Line 2" // add line break

Notes: Text wrap must be enabled to see the line break take effect. Older versions of Excel on the Mac use character 13 for a line break.

Reverse CHAR

To get the numeric code for a character, you can use the CODE function:

=CODE("A") // returns 65

CODE performs the reverse of CHAR, taking a character as text and returning a number.


The numbers returned by the CHAR function come from ASCII. ASCII stands for "American Standard Code for Information Interchange" and is a 7-bit character set that contains characters from 0 to 127.

The original ASCII specification encodes 128 characters into numbers. These include the numbers 0 to 9, lowercase a-z, uppercase A-Z, and punctuation. The first 32 characters are non-printing "control codes", most of which are no longer used, with the exception of the carriage return (13), line feed (10), and tab (9).

ANSI (American National Standards Institute) is a generic term for 8-bit character sets, the default in Windows 95 and Windows NT. ANSI includes the same ASCII codes 0-127, and adds an additional 128 characters (128-255) to handle special characters which can change based on the language being represented.


  • If number is out of range, CHAR returns #VALUE!
  • If number is not numeric, CHAR returns #VALUE!
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Dave Bruns

Hi - I'm Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.