To lookup in value in a table using both rows and columns, you can build a formula that does a two-way lookup with INDEX and MATCH. In the example shown, the formula in J8 is:


Note: this formula is set to "approximate match", so row values and column values must be sorted.

Generic formula



In this example, the goal is to perform a two-way lookup, sometimes called a matrix lookup. This means we need to create a match on both rows and columns and return the value at the intersection of this two-way match

The core of this formula is INDEX, which is simply retrieving a value from C6:G10 (the "data") based on a row number and a column number.


To get the row and column numbers, we use the MATCH function configured for an approximate match by setting the match_type argument to 1:

MATCH(J6,B6:B10,1) // get row number
MATCH(J7,C5:G5,1) // get column number

In the example, MATCH will return 2 when the width is 290, and 3 when the height is 300.

In the end, the formula reduces to:

=INDEX(C6:G10, 2, 3)
= 1800
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Dave Bruns

Hi - I'm Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.