## Explanation

In this example, the goal is to perform a two-way lookup, sometimes called a *matrix lookup*. This means we need to create a match on both rows and columns and return the value at the intersection of this two-way match

The core of this formula is INDEX, which is simply retrieving a value from C6:G10 (the "data") based on a row number and a column number.

```
=INDEX(C6:G10,row,column)
```

To get the row and column numbers, we use the MATCH function configured for an approximate match by setting the *match_type* argument to 1:

```
MATCH(J6,B6:B10,1) // get row number
MATCH(J7,C5:G5,1) // get column number
```

In the example, MATCH will return 2 when the width is 290, and 3 when the height is 300.

In the end, the formula reduces to:

```
=INDEX(C6:G10, 2, 3)
= 1800
```