## Purpose

## Return value

## Syntax

`=CHOOSECOLS(array,col_num1,[col_num2],...)`

*array*- The array to extract columns from.*col_num1*- The numeric index of the first column to return.*col_num2*- [optional] The numeric index of the second column to return.

## How to use

The Excel CHOOSECOLS function returns specific columns from an array or range. The columns to return are provided as numbers in separate arguments. Each number corresponds to the numeric index of a column in the source array. The result from CHOOSECOLS is always a single array that spills onto the worksheet.

The first argument in the CHOOSECOLS function is *array*. *Array* can be a range, or an array from another formula. Additional arguments are in the form *col_num1*, *col_num2*, *col_num3*, etc. Each number represents a specific column to extract from the array, and should be supplied as a whole number.

### Basic usage

To get columns 1 and 3 from an array, you can use CHOOSECOLS like this:

```
=CHOOSECOLS(A1:C5,1,3) // columns 1 and 3
```

To get the same two columns in reverse order:

```
=CHOOSECOLS(A1:C5,3,1) // columns 3 and 1
```

CHOOSECOLS will return a #VALUE! error if a requested column number is out of range:

```
=CHOOSECOLS(A1:C5,4) // returns #VALUE!
```

### With array constants

Another option for specifying which columns to return is to use an array constant like {1,2,3} as the second argument (*col_num1)*. In the example below, the formula in H3 is:

```
=CHOOSECOLS(B3:F9,{1,3,5})
```

With the array constant {1,3,5} given as the second argument, CHOOSECOLS returns columns 1, 3, and 5:

The array constant provided can be in the form {1,2,3} or {1;2;3}.

### With negative column numbers

A nice feature of CHOOSECOLS is that you can use *negative* column numbers to extract columns from the *end* of a range. For example, to get the last column of a range, you can use a formula like this:

`=CHOOSECOLS(range,-1)`

To get the second to last column, you can use:

`=CHOOSECOLS(range,-2)`

To get the last three columns in the order that they appear:

`=CHOOSECOLS(range,-3,-2,-1)`

You can also mix negative and positive row numbers. To return the first and last columns at the same time:

`=CHOOSECOLS(range,1,-1)`

### With arrays

As seen above, you can use an array constant as the second argument in CHOOSECOLS to indicate columns. You can also use an array created with a formula. For example, the formula below uses CHOOSECOLS and the SEQUENCE function to reverse the order of columns in an array:

```
=CHOOSECOLS(array,SEQUENCE(COLUMNS(array),,COLUMNS(array),-1))
```

When given a 3-column range or array, SEQUENCE returns {3;2;1} to CHOOSECOLS, and CHOOSECOLS returns the 3 columns in reverse order:

The formula returns all the columns in Array, starting with the last column.

### Notes

- CHOOSECOLS will return a #VALUE error if a column number is out of range.