To remove the protocol (i.e. http://, ftp://, etc.) and trailing slash from a URL, you can use a formual based on the MID, FIND, and LEN functions. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:
=MID(B5,FIND("//...

To extract the first name from a full name in "Last, First" format, you can use a formula that uses RIGHT, LEN and FIND functions. In the generic form of the formula (above), name is a full name in this format:
LAST,...

To extract the page, or the part of a path after the last forward slash (/), you can use a formula based on several Excel functions: TRIM, RIGHT, SUBSTITUTE, and REPT. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:
=TRIM...

To parse a text string that represents a time into a proper Excel time, you can use a formula based on the RIGHT, LEFT, MID, and TIME functions. In the example shown, the formula in F5 is:
=TIME(LEFT(E5,2),MID(E5,3,2...

To remove a trailing slash from a URL or path, you can use a formula based on the LEFT and LEN functions. In the example shown, the formula in cell C6 is:
=LEFT(B5,LEN(B5)-(RIGHT(B5)="/"))
How this formula...

To get the last word from a text string, you can use a formula based on the TRIM, SUBSTITUTE, RIGHT, and REPT functions. In the example shown, the formula in C6 is:
=TRIM(RIGHT(SUBSTITUTE(B6," ",REPT(...

To convert text in an unrecognized date format to a proper Excel date, you can parse the text and assemble a proper date with a formula based on several functions: DATE, LEFT, MID, and RIGHT. In the example shown, the...

Note: Excel contains many built-in rules for highlighting values with conditional formatting, including a rule to highlight cells that end with specific text. However, if you want more flexibility, you can use your own...

If you have worksheet that contains text dimensions (i.e. "50 ft x 200 ft" etc.) you can split the into two parts with formulas that use several text functions.
Background
A common annoyance with data is that it may...

To extract the top level domain (called "TLD") from a list of domain names or email addresses, you can use a rather complex formula that uses several functions. In the generic form of the formula (above), domain...

To remove the first character in a cell, you can use the REPLACE function. In the example shown, the formula in D5 is:
=REPLACE(A1,1,1,"")
How this formula works
This formula uses the REPLACE function to...

To split dimensions that like 100x50x25 into three separate parts, you can use some rather complicated formulas that use LEFT, MID, RIGHT, FIND, LEN, and SUBSTITUTE.
Note: you can also use Flash Fill in Excel 2013 and...

To convert simple text values to numbers, you can use the the VALUE function, or simply add zero as described below. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:
=VALUE(B5)
Background
Sometimes Excel ends up with...

To get a real date from day number, or "nth day of year" you can use the DATE function.
In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:
=DATE(2015,1,B5)
How this formula works
The DATE function build dates from...

To convert dates in text format dd/mm/yy to a true date in mm/dd/yy format, you can use uses a formula based on the DATE function. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:
=DATE(RIGHT(B5,2)+2000,MID(B5,4,2),LEFT(B5...