# Excel CHOOSE Function

The Excel CHOOSE function returns a value from a list using a given position or index. For example, =CHOOSE(2,"red","blue","green") returns "blue", since blue is the 2nd value listed after the index number. The values provided to CHOOSE can include references.

**index_num**- The value to choose. A number between 1 and 254.**value1**- The first value from which to choose.**value2**- [optional] The second value from which to choose.

The CHOOSE function returns a value from a list using a given position or index. The values provided to CHOOSE can be hard-coded constants or cell references. The first argument for the CHOOSE function is *index_num*. This is a number that refers to subsequent values by index or position. The next arguments, *value1*, *value2*, *value3*, etc. are the values from which to choose from. Choose can handle up to 254 values. However, CHOOSE will not retrieve an item from *inside* range or array constant provided as a value. For larger sets of data in a table or range, INDEX and MATCH is a better way to retrieve a value based on position.

### Examples

The formulas below use CHOOSE to return the 2nd and 3rd values from a list:

Above, "blue" is the second value, and "green" is the third value. In the example shown in the screenshot, the formula in cell C5 is:

CHOOSE(B5,"red","blue","green") // returns "red"

CHOOSE will not retrieve values from a range or array constant. For example, the formula below will return a #VALUE error:

=CHOOSE(2,A1:A3) // returns #VALUE

This happens because the index number is out of range. In this case, the required syntax is:

=CHOOSE(2,A1,A2,A3)

To retrieve the nth item from a range, use INDEX and MATCH. CHOOSE can be used to provide a variable table to a function like VLOOKUP:

### Notes

- If
*index_num*is out of range, CHOOSE will return #VALUE - Values can also be references. For example, the address A1, or the ranges A1:10 or B2:B15 can be supplied as values.
- CHOOSE will not retrieve values from a range or array constant.

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