## Summary

The Excel ROWS function returns the count of rows in a given reference. For example, ROWS(A1:A3) returns 3, since the range A1:A3 contains 3 rows.

## Purpose

Get the number of rows in an array or reference.

Number of rows

## Syntax

``=ROWS(array)``
• array - A reference to a cell or range of cells.

## How to use

The ROWS function returns the count of rows in a given reference as a number. For example, =ROWS(A1:A5) returns 5, since the range A1:A5 contains 5 rows. ROWS takes just one argument, called array, which can be a range or array.

### Examples

Use the ROWS function to get the row count for a given reference or range. For example, there are 10 rows in the range A1:F10 so the formula below returns 10:

``````=ROWS(A1:F10) // returns 10
``````

The range A1:Z100 contains 100 rows, so the formula below returns 100:

``````=ROWS(A1:Z100) // returns 100
``````

You can also use the ROWS function to get a row count for an array constant:

``````=ROWS({1;2;3;4;5}) // returns 5
``````

Although there is no built-in function to count the number of cells in a range, you can use the ROWS function together with the COLUMNS function like this:

``````=COLUMNS(range)*ROWS(range) // total cells
=COLUMNS(A1:Z100)*ROWS(A1:Z100) // returns 2600
``````