# Highlight duplicate columns

=SUMPRODUCT((row1=ref1)*(row2=ref2)*(row2=ref2))>1

*Excel contains a built-in preset for highlighting duplicate values with conditional formatting, but it only works at the cell level. If you want to find and highlight duplicate columns, you'll need to use your own formula, as explained below.*

To highlight duplicate columns, you can use a formula based on the SUMPRODUCT function. In the example shown, the formula used to highlight duplicate columns is:

=SUMPRODUCT(($B$4:$E$4=B$4)*($B$5:$E$5=B$5)*($B$6:$E$6=B$6))>1

### How this formula works

This approach uses SUMPRODUCT to count the occurrence of every value in the table, one row at a time. Only when the same value appears in the same location in all three rows is a count generated. For cell B4, the formula is solved like this:

=SUMPRODUCT(($B$4:$E$4=B$4)*($B$5:$E$5=B$5)*($B$6:$E$6=B$6))>1 =SUMPRODUCT(({1,1,1,1})*({1,0,1,0})*({1,0,1,0}))>1 =SUMPRODUCT({1,0,1,0})>1 =2>1 =TRUE

Note that row references are fully absolute, while cell references are mixed, with only the row locked.

### With a helper row

If you don't mind adding a helper row to your data, you can simplify the conditional formatting formula quite a bit. In a helper row, concatenate all values in the column. Then you can use COUNTIF on that one row to count values that appear more than once, and use the result to trigger conditional formatting in the entire column.

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