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Excel YEAR Function

Excel YEAR function

The Excel YEAR function returns the year component of a date as a 4-digit number. You can use the YEAR function to extract a year number from a date into a cell or to extract and feed a year value into another formula, like the DATE function.

Get the year from a date
Return value 
Year as 4-digit number
=YEAR (date)
  • date - A valid Excel date.
Usage notes 

The YEAR function extracts the year from a given date as a 4-digit number. For example:

=YEAR("23-Aug-2012") // returns 2012
=YEAR("11-May-2019") // returns 2019

You can use the YEAR function to extract a month number from a date into a cell, or to feed a month number into another function like the DATE function:

=DATE(YEAR(A1),1,1) // first of same year

See below for more examples of formulas that use the DATE function.

Note: dates are serial numbers in Excel, and begin on January 1, 1900. Dates before 1900 are not supported. To display date values in a human-readable date format, apply a the number format of your choice.


  • Date must be a valid Excel date.
  • YEAR will return a #VALUE error on text values.

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