# Excel MONTH Function

The Excel MONTH function extracts the month from a given date as number between 1 to 12. You can use the MONTH function to extract a month number from a date into a cell, or to feed a month number into another function like the DATE function.

**serial_number**- A valid Excel date.

The MONTH function extracts the month from a given date as number between 1 to 12. For example, given the date "June 12, 2021", the MONTH function will return 6 for June. MONTH takes just one argument, *serial_number*, which must be a valid Excel date.

Dates can be supplied to the MONTH function as text (e.g. "13-Aug-2021") or as native Excel dates, which are large serial numbers. To create a date value from scratch with separate year, month, and day inputs, use the DATE function.

The MONTH function will "reset" every 12 months (like a calendar). To work with month durations larger than 12, use a formula to calculate months between dates.

The MONTH function returns a *number*. If you need the month *name*, see this example.

### Examples

To use the MONTH function, supply a date:

With the date "September 15, 2017" in cell A1, MONTH returns 9:

=MONTH(A1) // returns 9

You can use the MONTH function to extract a month number from a date into a cell, or to feed a month number into another function like the DATE function. The formula below extracts the month from the date in cell A1 and uses the TODAY and DATE functions to create a date on the first day of the same month in the current year.

See below for more examples of formulas that use the MONTH function.

*Note: dates are serial numbers in Excel, and begin on January 1, 1900. Dates before 1900 are not supported. To display date values in a human-readable date format, apply a the number format of your choice.*

### Notes

- MONTH will return #VALUE! if a date is not recognized.
- MONTH will return #NUM! if a date is supplied as a number that is out of range (i.e. -1).

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