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Excel COLUMNS Function

Excel COLUMNS function
Summary 

The Excel COLUMNS function returns the count of columns in a given reference. For example, COLUMNS(A1:C3) returns 3, since the range A1:C3 contains 3 columns.

Purpose 
Get the number of columns in an array or reference.
Return value 
Number of columns
Syntax 
=COLUMNS (array)
Arguments 
  • array - A reference to a range of cells.
Version 
Usage notes 

The COLUMNS function returns the count of columns in a given reference as a number. For example, COLUMNS(A1:C3) returns 3, since the range A1:C3 contains 3 columns. COLUMNS takes just one argument, called array, which should be a range or array.

Examples

Use the COLUMNS function to get the column count for a given reference or range. For example, there are 6 columns in the range A1:F1 so the formula below returns 6:

=COLUMNS(A1:F1) // returns 6

The range A1:Z100 contains 26 columns, so the formula below returns 100: 

=COLUMNS(A1:Z100) // returns 26

You can also use the COLUMNS function to get a column count for an array constant:

=COLUMNS({1,2,3,4,5}) // returns 5

Although there is no built-in function to count the number of cells in a range, you can use the COLUMNS function together with the ROWS function like this:

=COLUMNS(range)*ROWS(range) // total cells
=COLUMNS(A1:Z100)*ROWS(A1:Z100) // returns 2600

More details here.

Notes

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