## Summary

The Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set. You can use PERCENTRANK to find the relative standing of a value within a data set. Percentile rank is commonly used as a way to interpret standing in standardized tests.

## Purpose

Get percentile rank, inclusive

## Return value

Calculated rank as a decimal value

## Arguments

• array - Array of data values.
• x - Value to rank.
• significance - [optional] Number of significant digits in result. Defaults to 3.

## Syntax

=PERCENTRANK(array, x, [significance])

## How to use

The PERCENTRANK function returns the relative standing of a value within a data set as a percentage. For example, a test score greater than 80% of all test scores is said to be at the 80th percentile. In this case, PERCENTRANK will assign a rank of .80 to the score. To use PERCENTRANK, provide an array of values (typically a range) and the value to rank, x. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:

``````=PERCENTRANK(data,B5)
``````

where data is the named range B5:B12. As the formula is copied down, it returns the rank of each value in column B as a decimal value. To display the results in column C as a percentage, apply the percentage number format. The table in the range F4:G15 is for reference only. It uses the PERCENTILE function in column G to calculate a percentile for each value in column F. A percentile is the value below which a given percentage of observations in a group fall.

The named range data is used for convenience only, since named ranges automatically behave like absolute references. If you prefer, you can use an absolute reference like \$B\$5:\$B\$12 instead of a named range.

Note: Microsoft classifies PERCENTRANK as a "compatibility function", now replaced by the PERCENTRANK.INC function.

### Inclusive vs. Exclusive

Starting with Excel 2010, the PERCENTRANK function has been replaced by two functions: PERCENTRANK.INC and PERCENTRANK.EXC. The INC version represents "inclusive" behavior, and the EXC version represents "exclusive" behavior. Both formulas use the same arguments.

• Use the PERCENTRANK.EXC function to determine the percentage rank exclusive of the first and last values in the array.
• Use the PERCENTRANK.INC or PERCENTRANK to find the percentage rank inclusive of the first and last values in the array.

### Notes

• If x does not exist in the array, PERCENTRANK interpolates to find the percentage rank.
• When significance is omitted PERCENTRANK returns three significant digits (0.xxx) Author ### Dave Bruns

Hi - I'm Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.