## Purpose

## Return value

## Syntax

`=PERCENTILE.INC(array,k)`

*array*- Data values.*k*- Number representing kth percentile.

## How to use

The Excel PERCENTILE.INC function calculates the "kth percentile" for a set of data, where *k* is between 0 and 1, inclusive. A percentile is a value below which a given percentage of values in a data set fall. A percentile calculated with .4 as *k* means 40% percent of values are less than or equal to the calculated result, a percentile calculated with *k* = .9 means 90% percent of values are less than or equal to the calculated result.

To use PERCENTILE.INC, provide a range of values and a number between 0 and 1 for the "*k*" argument, which represents percent. For example:

```
=PERCENTILE.INC(range,.4) // 40th percentile
=PERCENTILE.INC(range,.9) // 90th percentile
```

You can also specify *k* as a percent using the % character:

```
=PERCENTILE.INC(range,80%) // 80th percentile
```

PERCENTILE.INC returns a value greater than or equal to the specified percentile.

In the example shown, the formula in G5 is:

```
=PERCENTILE.INC(scores,E5)
```

where "scores" is the named range C5:C14.

### PERCENTILE.INC vs. PERCENTILE.EXC

PERCENTILE.INC includes the full range of 0 to 1 as valid *k* values, compared to PERCENTILE.EXC which excludes percentages below 1/(N+1) and above N/(N+1).

*Note: Microsoft classifies PERCENTILE as a "compatibility function", now replaced by the PERCENTILE.INC function.*

### Notes

*k*can be provided as a decimal (.5) or a percentage (50%)*k*must be between 0 and 1, otherwise PERCENTILE.INC will return the #NUM! error.- When percentiles fall between values, PERCENTILE.INC will interpolate and return an intermediate value.