Decrease by percentage
To decrease a number by a specific percentage, you can use a formula that multiplies the number by 1 minus the percentage. In the example shown, the formula in cell E5 is:
The results in column E are decimal values with the percentage number format applied.
In this example, the goal is to decrease the prices shown in column C by the percentages shown in column D. For example, given an original price of $70.00, and an decrease of 10% ($7.00), the result should be $63.00. The general formula for this calculation, where "x" is the new price, is:
x=old*(1-percentage) x=70*(1-10%) x=70*0.90 x=63.00
Converting this to an Excel formula with cell references, the formula in E5 becomes:
=C5*(1-D5) =70*(1-0.1) =70*0.9 =63.00
As the formula is copied down, the formula returns a new price for each item in the table, based on the percentages shown in column D.
A negative percentage will have the effect of increasing the original price. For example, with -10% in cell D5 (-0.10), the formula evaluates like this:
=C5*(1-D5) =70*(1--0.1) =70*1.10 =77.00
This example explains the general formula for increasing a number by a given percentage.
Formatting percentages in Excel
In mathematics, a percentage is a number expressed as a fraction of 100. For example, 95% is read as "Ninety-five percent" and is equivalent to 95/100 or 0.95. Accordingly, the values in column D are decimal values, with the Percentage number format applied.