# Decrease by percentage

=number*(1-percent)

To decrease a number by a specific percentage, you can use a formula that multiplies the number by 1 minus the percentage. In the example shown, the formula in cell E5 is:

=C5*(1-D5)

The results in column E are decimal values with the percentage number format applied.

In this example, the goal is to decrease the prices shown in column C by the percentages shown in column D. For example, given an original price of $70.00, and an decrease of 10% ($7.00), the result should be $63.00. The general formula for this calculation, where "x" is the new price, is:

x=old*(1-percentage) x=70*(1-10%) x=70*0.90 x=63.00

Converting this to an Excel formula with cell references, the formula in E5 becomes:

=C5*(1-D5) =70*(1-0.1) =70*0.9 =63.00

As the formula is copied down, the formula returns a new price for each item in the table, based on the percentages shown in column D.

### Negative percentages

A negative percentage will have the effect of *increasing* the original price. For example, with -10% in cell D5 (-0.10), the formula evaluates like this:

=C5*(1-D5) =70*(1--0.1) =70*1.10 =77.00

This example explains the general formula for increasing a number by a given percentage.

### Formatting percentages in Excel

In mathematics, a percentage is a number expressed as a fraction of 100. For example, 95% is read as "Ninety-five percent" and is equivalent to 95/100 or 0.95. Accordingly, the values in column D are decimal values, with the Percentage number format applied.

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