# Excel PERCENTRANK Function

The Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage of the data set. You can use PERCENTRANK to find the relative standing of a value within a data set. Percentile rank is commonly used as a way to interpret standing in standardized tests.

**array**- Array of data values.**x**- Value to rank.**significance**- [optional] Number of significant digits in result. Defaults to 3.

The Excel PERCENTRANK shows the relative standing of a value within a data set as a percentage.

For example, a test score greater than 80% of all test scores is said to be at the 80th percentile. In this case PERCENTRANK will assign a rank of .80 to the score.

In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:

=PERCENTRANK(data,B5)

where "data" is the named range C5:C12.

*Note: Microsoft classifies PERCENTRANK as a "compatibility function", now replaced by the PERCENTRANK.INC function.*

### Inclusive vs. Exclusive

Starting with Excel 2010, the PERCENTRANK function has been replaced by two functions: PERECENTRANK.INC and PERECENTRANK.INC. The INC version represents "inclusive" behavior, and the EXC version represents "exclusive" behavior. Both formulas use the same arguments.

- Use the PERCENTRANK.EXC function to determine the percentage rank
*exclusive*of the first and last values in the array. - Use the PERCENTRANK.INC or PERCENTRANK to find the percentage rank
*inclusive*of the first and last values in the array.

### Notes

- If x does not exist in the array, PERCENTRANK interpolates to find the percentage rank.
- When significance is omitted PERCENTRANK returns three significant digits (0.xxx)

## Excel Formula Training

Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and create dynamic ranges. You'll also learn how to troubleshoot, trace errors, and fix problems. Instant access. See details here.