# XLOOKUP with multiple criteria

=XLOOKUP(val1&val2&val3,rng1&rng2&rng3,results)

To use XLOOKUP with multiple criteria, you can concatenate lookup values and lookup arrays directly in the formula. In the example shown, the formula in H8 is:

=XLOOKUP(H5&H6&H7,B5:B14&C5:C14&D5:D14,E5:E14)

XLOOKUP returns $17.00, the price for a Large Red T-shirt.

*Note: XLOOKUP can handle arrays natively; there is no need to enter with control + shift + enter.*

One of the nice advantages of XLOOKUP over VLOOKUP is that XLOOKUP can work with arrays directly, instead of requiring ranges on a worksheet. This makes it possible to assemble arrays in the formula, and push these into the function.

Working one argument at a time, the lookup value is created by joining H5, H6, and H7 using concatenation:

=XLOOKUP(H5&H6&H7

This results in the string "T-shirtLargeRed".

The lookup array is created in a similar way, except we are now joining ranges:

=XLOOKUP(H5&H6&H7,B5:B14&C5:C14&D5:D14

The return array is supplied as a normal range:, E5:E14:

=XLOOKUP(H5&H6&H7,B5:B14&C5:C14&D5:D14,E5:E14

In essense, we are looking for the lookup value "T-shirtLargeRed" in data like this:

lookup_array | result_array |
---|---|

T-shirtSmallRed | 15 |

T-shirtMediumBlue | 16 |

T-shirtLargeRed | 17 |

HoodieSmallGray | 28 |

HoodieMediumBlue | 29 |

HoodieLargeBlack | 30 |

HatMediumBlack | 25 |

HatMediumGray | 26 |

HatLargeRed | 24 |

T-shirtLargeBlue | 16 |

Match mode defaults to exact, and search mode defaults to first match, so XLOOKUP returns $17.00.

### With boolean logic

While the syntax explained above works fine for simple "equals to" matching, you can also use boolean logic to construct a formula like this:

=XLOOKUP(1,(B5:B14=H5)*(C5:C14=H6)*(D5:D14=H7),E5:E14)

This is a more flexible approach because the syntax can be adjusted to use other logical operators and other functions as needed for more complex lookups.

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