# Reverse a list or range

To reverse a list (i.e. put the items in a list or column in reverse order) you can use a formula based on the INDEX, COUNTA, and ROW functions. In the example shown, the formula in D5, copied down, is:

The name "list" is a named range B5:B14. Named ranges are absolute references by default, so be sure to use an absolute reference if not using a named range.

### How this formula works

The heart of this formula is the INDEX function, which is given the list as the **array** argument:

=INDEX(list

The second part of the formula is an expression that works out the correct row number as the formula is copied down:

- COUNTA(list) returns the count of non-blank items in the list (10 in the example)
- ROW(list) returns the starting row number of list (5 in the example)
- ROW() returns the row number the formula resides in

The result of this expression is a single number starting at 10, and ending at 1 as the formula is copied down. The first formula returns the 10th item in the list, the second formula returns the 9th item in the list, and so on:

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