# Excel FV Function

Summary

The Excel FV function is a financial function that returns the future value of an investment. You can use the FV function to get the future value of an investment assuming periodic, constant payments with a constant interest rate.

Purpose

Get the future value of an investment

Return value

future value

Syntax

=FV (rate, nper, pmt, [pv], [type])

Arguments

**rate**- The interest rate per period.**nper**- The total number of payment periods.**pmt**- The payment made each period. Must be entered as a negative number.**pv**- [optional] The present value of future payments. If omitted, assumed to be zero. Must be entered as a negative number.**type**- [optional] When payments are due. 0 = end of period, 1 = beginning of period. Default is 0.

Usage notes

The future value (FV) function calculates the future value of an investment assuming periodic, constant payments with a constant interest rate.

Notes:

1. Units for **rate** and **nper** must be consistent. For example, if you make monthly payments on a four-year loan at 12 percent annual interest, use 12%/12 (annual rate/12 = monthly interest rate) for **rate** and 4*12 (48 payments total) for **nper**. If you make annual payments on the same loan, use 12% (annual interest) for **rate** and 4 (4 payments total) for **nper**.

2. If **pmt** is for cash out (i.e deposits to saving, etc), payment value must be negative; for cash received (income, dividends), payment value must be positive.