I was looking at an article on forbes.com about popular college degrees for women and men. They listed 9 degrees for both women and men (on many, many pages), and this chart is just a mash-up of the data they cited, sorted to show popular degrees for women at the top.
The chart type is 100% stacked bar, and its a good example of how a bar charts can accommodate extremely long labels. The data used in the chart looks like this:
How to make this chart
Select data and insert column chart via ribbon:
Choose 100% stacked bar chart under 2d bars:
Chart as inserted:
Select data series and increase bar width:
Select each data series and set desired color.
Select data series for women and reverse category:
Add Data Labels:
Move legend to top:
Select and delete gridlines
Set title as desired
Final chart before resizing and adjusting font size: