# Sum top n values

=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(rng,{1,2,N}))

To sum the top values in a range, you can use a formula based on the LARGE function, wrapped inside the SUMPRODUCT function. In the generic form of the formula (above), **rng** represents a range of cells that contain numeric values and **N** represents the idea of Nth value.

In the example, the active cell contains this formula:

=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(B4:B13,{1,2,3}))

### How this formula works

In its simplest form, LARGE will return the "Nth largest" value in a range. For example, the formula:

=LARGE(B4:B13, 2)

will return the 2nd largest value in the range B4:B13 which, in the example above, is the number 9.

However, if you supply an "array constant" (e.g. a constant in the form {1,2,3}) to LARGE as the second argument, LARGE will return an array of results instead of a single result. So, the formula:

=LARGE(B4:B13,{1,2,3})

will return the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd largest value in the range B4:B13. In the example above, where B4:B13 contains the numbers 1-10, the result from LARGE will be the array {8,9,10}. SUMPRODUCT then sums the numbers in this array and returns a total, which is 27.

### SUM instead of SUMPRODUCT

SUMPRODUCT is a flexible function that allows you to uses cell references for k inside the LARGE function.

However, if you are using a simple hard-coded array constant like {1,2,3} you can just use the SUM function:

Note you must enter this formula as an array formula if you use cell references and not an array constant for k inside LARGE.

### When N becomes large

When N becomes large it becomes tedious to create the array constant by hand – If you want to sum to the top 20 or 30 values in a large list, typing out an array constant with 20 or 30 items will take a long time. In this case, you can use a shortcut for building the array constant that uses the ROW and INDIRECT functions.

For example, if you want to SUM the top 20 values in a range called "rng" you can write a formula like this:

=SUMPRODUCT(LARGE(rng,ROW(INDIRECT("1:20"))))

### Variable N

With insufficient data, a fixed N can cause errors. In this case, you can try a formula like this:

Here, we use MIN with COUNT to sum the top 3 values, or the count of values, if less than 3.

## Excel Formula Training

Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and create dynamic ranges. You'll also learn how to troubleshoot, trace errors, and fix problems. Instant access. See details here.