You might wonder why we aren't using the SUMIF or SUMIFS function? These appear to be an obvious way to sum by the days of the week. However, without adding a helper column with a weekday value, there is no way to create a criteria for SUMIF that takes into account the weekday.
Instead, we use the handy SUMPRODUCT function, which handles arrays gracefully without the need to use Control + Shift + Enter.
We are using SUMPRODUCT with just one argument, which consists of this expression:
Working from the inside out, the WEEKDAY function is configured with the optional argument 2, which causes it to return numbers 1-7 for the days Monday-Sunday, respectively. This is not necessary, but it makes it easier to list the days in order and pick up the numbers in column G in sequence.
WEEKDAY evaluates each value in the named range "dates" and returns a number. The result is an array like this:
The numbers returned by WEEKDAY are then compared to the value in G4, which is 1.
The result is an array of TRUE/FALSE values.
Next, this array is multiplied by the values in the named range "amts". SUMPRODUCT only works with numbers (not text or booleans) but math operations automatically coerce the TRUE/FALSE values to one's and zeros, so we have:
You might wonder why we aren't using COUNTIF or COUNTIFs ? These functions seem like the obvious solution. However, without adding a helper column that contains a weekday value, there is no way to create a criteria for COUNTIF to count weekdays in a...
The Excel WEEKDAY function takes a date and returns a number between 1-7 representing the day of week. By default, WEEKDAY returns 1 for Sunday and 7 for Saturday, but this is configurable. You can use the WEEKDAY function inside other formulas...
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