# FILTER on top n values with criteria

To filter data to show the top n values that meet specific criteria, you can use the FILTER function together with the LARGE and IF functions. In the example shown, the formula in F5 is:

where **data** (B5:D16), **group** (C5:C16) and **score** (D5:D16) are named ranges.

This formula uses the FILTER function to retrieve data based on a logical test constructed with the LARGE and IF functions. The result is the top 3 scores in group B.

The FILTER function applies criteria with the *include* argument. In this example, criteria are constructed with boolean logic like this:

The left side of the expression targets scores greater than or equal to the 3rd highest score in group B:

The IF function is used to make sure LARGE is only working with group B scores. Because we have 12 scores total, IF returns an array with 12 results like this:

{FALSE;65;FALSE;80;FALSE;88;FALSE;76;FALSE;86;FALSE;83}

Notice the only scores that survive the operation are from Group B. All other scores are FALSE. This array is returned directly to LARGE as the *array* argument:

LARGE({FALSE;65;FALSE;80;FALSE;88;FALSE;76;FALSE;86;FALSE;83},3)

LARGE ignores the FALSE values and returns the 3rd highest score, 83.

We can now simplify the formula to:

=FILTER(data,(score>=83)*(group="b"))

which resolves to:

=FILTER(data,{0;0;0;0;0;1;0;0;0;1;0;1})

Finally, FILTER returns records for Mason, Annie, and Cassidy, which spill into the range F5:H7.

### Sort results by score

By default, FILTER will return matching records in the same order they appear in the source data. To sort results in *descending order by score*, you can nest the original FILTER formula inside the SORT function like this:

Here, FILTER returns results directly to the SORT function as the *array* argument. Sort index is set to 3 (score) and sort order is set to -1, for *descending* order.

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