# Count cells not equal to

=COUNTIF(rng,"<>X")

To count the number of cells that contain values not equal to a particular value, you can use the COUNTIF function. In the generic form of the formula (above) rng represents a range of cells, and X represents the value you *don't want to count*. All other values will be counted. In the example shown, the active cell contains this formula:

=COUNTIF(D4:D10,"<>Complete")

### How this formula works

In Excel, the operator for not equal is <>. For example:

=A1<>10 // A1 is not equal to 10 =A1<>"apple" // A1 is not equal to "apple"

The COUNTIF function counts the number of cells in a range that meet supplied criteria. To use the not equal to operator in COUNTIF, it must appear as text like this:

In example shown, we want to count cells not equal to "complete", so we use "<>complete" for criteria like this:

=COUNTIF(D4:D10,"<>Complete") // count not equal to "complete"

Note COUNTIF is __not__ case-sensitive. The word "complete" can appear in any combination of uppercase / lowercase letters.

### Not equal to another cell

To use a value in another cell as part of the criteria, use the ampersand (&) character to concatenate like this:

=COUNTIF(rng,"<>"&a1)

For exampple, if the value in cell a1 is "100", the criteria will be "<>100" after concatenation, and COUNTIF will count cells not equal to 100.

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