# Count cells equal to one of many things

=SUMPRODUCT(COUNTIF(rng,things))

To count the number of cells equal to one of many values, you can use the COUNTIF function inside of SUMPRODUCT. In the generic form of the formula (above) **rng** represents a range of cells, and **things** represents the values to count.

In the example shown, cell G5 contains this formula:

=SUMPRODUCT(COUNTIF(B5:B10,things))

*Note: COUNTIF is not case-sensitive.*

### How this formula works

COUNTIF counts the number of cells in the range that meet the criteria you supply. When you give COUNTIF a range of cells as the criteria, it returns an *array* of numbers as the result, where each number represents the count of one thing in the range. In this case, the named range "things" (D5:D7) contains 3 values, so COUNTIF returns 3 results in an array like:

=SUMPRODUCT({1;1;1})

since the values "yellow", "green", and "dog" all appear once in the range B5:B10. To handle this array, we use the SUMPRODUCT function, which is designed to work with arrays. SUMPRODUCT simply sums up the items in the array and returns the result, 3.

### With array constant

With a limited number of values, you can use an array constant in your formula with SUM, like this:

But if you use cell references in the criteria, you'll need to enter as an array formula or switch to SUMPRODUCT.

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