# Excel MMULT Function

The Excel MMULT function returns the matrix product of two arrays. The result from MMULT is an array that contains the same number of rows as *array1* and the same number of columns as *array2*.

**array1**- The first array to multiply.**array2**- The second array to multiply.

The MMULT function returns the matrix product of two arrays, sometimes called the "dot product". The result from MMULT is an array that contains the same number of rows as *array1* and the same number of columns as *array2*. The MMULT function appears in certain more advanced formulas that need to process multiple rows or columns. For example, you can use MMULT with XLOOKUP to match a value in any column.

The MMULT function takes two arguments, *array1* and *array2*, both of which are required. The column count of *array1* must equal the row count of *array2*. For example, you can multiply a 2 x 3 array by a 3 x 2 array to return a 2 x 2 array result. The MMULT function will return a #VALUE! error if *array1* columns do not equal *array2* rows.

*Note: In Excel 365, which supports dynamic arrays, MMULT spills multiple values on the worksheet. In earlier versions, you will need to enter as a multi-cell array formula with control + shift + enter.*

### Example #1 - basic usage

In the example shown, the MMULT formula is evaluated like this:

### Example #2 - count rows with specific value

In this example, the goal is to count rows that contain the number 90. The challenge is that the value might appear in any of several columns, and might appear in more than one column of the same row. The MMULT function is used to condense results from multiple columns into a single 1-column array that can then be summed with the SUM function. The formula in G5 is:

Read a detailed explanation here. See below for more examples.

### Notes

- Arrays must contain numbers only.
- Columns in
*array1*must equal the rows in*array2*. *Array1*and*array2*can be provided as cell ranges, array constants, or references.- MMULT returns #VALUE! if any cells in
*array1*and*array2*are not numbers - MMULT returns #VALUE! if
*array1*columns do not equal*array2*rows.

## Download 100+ Important Excel Functions

Get over 100 Excel Functions you should know in one handy PDF.