# Two-way summary with SUMIFS

To build a two-way summary table that sums numeric data with more than one criteria, you can use the SUMIFs function. In the example shown, the formula in H5, copied across range H5:K7, is:

=SUMIFS(value,name,$G5,stage,H$4)

where **value** (C5:C15), **name** (B5:B15), and **stage** (D5:D15) are named ranges. The result is a table that shows summary totals for each name by stage.

### How this formula works

The SUMIFS function is designed to sum numeric values using multiple criteria.

In the example shown, the data in the range B5:E15 shows a sales pipeline where each row is an opportunity owned by a salesperson, at a specific stage. The formula in H5 is:

=SUMIFS(value,name,$G5,stage,H$4)

The first part of the formula sums opportunities by salesperson:

=SUMIFS(value,name,$G5 // sum by name

- Sum range is the named range
**values** - Criteria range 1 is the named range
**name** - Criteria 1 comes from cell G5

Notice $G5 is a mixed reference, with the column locked and the row relative. This allows the formula to change as needed when the formula is copied throughout the table.

The next range/criteria pair in SUMIFS, sums by stage:

stage,H$4 // sum by stage

- Criteria range 2 is the named range
**stage** - Criteria 2 is H$4

Again, H$4 is a mixed reference, with the column relative and the row locked. This allows the criteria to pick up the stage values in row 4 as the formula is copied across and down the table.

With both criteria together, the SUMIFS function correctly sums the opportunities by name and by stage.

### Without names ranges

This example uses named ranges for convenience only. Without named ranges, the equivalent formula is:

=SUMIFS($C$5:$C$15,$B$5:$B$15,$G5,$D$5:$D$15,H$4)

Notice references for name, value, and stage are now absolute references to prevent changes as the formula is copied across and down the table.

*Note: a pivot table would also be an excellent way to solve this problem.*

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