# Get profit margin percentage

=(price-cost)/price

To calculate profit margin as a percentage with a formula, subtract the cost from the price and divide the result by the price. In the example shown, the formula in cell E5 is:

=(C5-D5)/C5

The results in column E are *decimal values* with the percentage number format applied.

In this example, the goal is to calculate and display profit margin as a percentage for each of the items shown in the table. In other words, given a price of $5.00 and a cost of $4.00, we want to return a profit margin of 20%. Each item in the table has different price and cost, so the profit varies across items.

Profit margin is the ratio of profit divided by revenue. The general formula where "x" is profit margin is:

x=profit/price

In the table shown, we have price and cost, but profit is not broken out separately in another column, so we need to calculate profit by subtracting Cost from Price:

x=(price-cost)/price x=(5-4)/5 x=1/5 x=0.20

and profit is calculated by subtracting Cost from Price. After we convert this to an Excel formula with cell references, we have this formula in E5:

=(C5-D5)/C5 =(5-4)/5 =1/5 =0.20

Make sure you use parentheses to control the order of operations. As the formula is copied down, we get profit margin for each item in the table. Note the result will be a decimal number like .10, .25, .30, etc. To display this result as a percentage, apply Percentage number format. You can use the shortcut Control + Shift + %.

### Formatting percentages in Excel

In mathematics, a percentage is a number expressed as a fraction of 100. For example, 95% is read as "Ninety-five percent" and is equivalent to 95/100 or 0.95. To display these numbers with a percent sign (%), apply Percentage number format. To convert these numbers to a whole number like 95, multiply by 100:

=(C5-D5)/C5*100

Then apply a standard number format of your choice.

## Excel Formula Training

Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and create dynamic ranges. You'll also learn how to troubleshoot, trace errors, and fix problems. Instant access. See details here.

## Download 100+ Important Excel Functions

Get over 100 Excel Functions you should know in one handy PDF.