Exceljet

Quick, clean, and to the point

Calculate interest rate for loan

Excel formula: Calculate interest rate for loan
Generic formula 
=RATE(periods,payment,-amount)*12
Explanation 

To calculate the periodic interest rate for a loan, given the loan amount, the number of payment periods, and the payment amount, you can use the RATE function. In the example shown, the formula in C10 is:

=RATE(C7,C6,-C5)*12

Loans have four primary components: the amount, the interest rate, the number of periodic payments (the loan term) and a payment amount per period. One use of the RATE function is to calculate the periodic interest rate when the amount, number of payment periods, and payment amount are known.

For this example, we want to calculate the interest rate for  $5000 loan, and with 60 payments of $93.22 each. The NPER function is configured as follows:

NPER - The number of periods is 60, and comes from C7.

pmt - The payment is $93.22, and comes from cell C7.

pv - The present value is $5000, and comes from C5. The amount is input as a negative value by adding a negative sign in fron of C5:

-C5

With these inputs, the RATE function returns .38%, which is the periodic interest rate. To get an annual interest rate, this result is multiplied by 12:

=RATE(C7,C6,-C5)*12
Author 
Dave Bruns

Excel Formula Training

Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and create dynamic ranges. You'll also learn how to troubleshoot, trace errors, and fix problems. Instant access. See details here.