# Excel WRAPCOLS Function

The Excel WRAPCOLS function converts a one-dimensional array into a two-dimensional array by wrapping values into separate columns. The length of each column is given as the *wrap_count* argument: when the count is reached, WRAPCOLS starts a new column.

*vector*- The array or range to wrap.*wrap_count*- Max values in each column.*pad_with*- [optional] Value to pad with when there are unfilled slots.

The WRAPCOLS function converts a one-dimensional array into a two-dimensional array by wrapping values into separate columns. The length of each column is given as the *wrap_count* argument: when the count is reached, WRAPCOLS starts a new column.

The WRAPCOLS function takes three arguments: *vector*, *wrap_count*, and *pad_with*. Vector and *wrap_count* are both required. *Vector* must be a one-dimensional array or range. *Wrap_count* is a number that represents the length of each column. The final argument, *pad_with*, is an optional value to use if there are empty spots in the last column. If no value is supplied for *pad_with, *WRAPCOLS will return an #N/A error after all values in* vector* have been used. You can override this behavior by providing a custom value for the *pad_with* argument.

### Basic usage

WRAPCOLS outputs values "by column", working top to bottom, left to right. When *wrap_count* has been reached, WRAPCOLS starts a new column. In the worksheet below, the goal is to wrap the range C2:J2 into columns that each contain 4 values. The formula in B5 is:

=WRAPCOLS(C2:J2,4)

Notice WRAPCOLS outputs values by column, top to bottom, and each column contains 4 rows.

### Wrap count

*Wrap_count* represents the maximum number of values in each column. Once the count has been reached, WRAPCOLS starts a new column. In the screen below, you can see how this works. The formula in D3 uses a *wrap_count* of 3:

=WRAPCOLS(B3:B14,4)

The formula in D10 uses a *wrap_count* of 4:

=WRAPCOLS(B3:B14,3)

Notice values are output top to bottom.

### Padding

If no value is supplied for *pad_with, *WRAPCOLS will return an #N/A error after all values in the source array have been accounted for. You will see these errors appear in the last column when the total number of items in the source array is not evenly divisible by the *wrap_count*. You can override this behavior by providing a custom value for the *pad_with* argument. The formula in D3 shows default behavior. No value for *pad_with* has been provided:

=WRAPCOLS(B3:B12,4)

The input range contains only 10 cells, which is not evenly divisible by a *wrap_count* of 4. As a result, the last 2 cells return #N/A. The formula in D10 supplied "x" for *pad_with:*

=WRAPCOLS(B3:B12,4,"x")

Notice the #N/A errors have been replaced by "x" in the resulting array.

### Notes

- WRAPCOLS will return a #VALUE! error if vector is not a one-dimensional array or range.
*Wrap_count*indicates the size of each column not the number of columns.

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