# Excel TRUNC Function

The Excel TRUNC function returns a truncated number based on an (optional) number of digits. For example, TRUNC(4.9) will return 4, and TRUNC(-3.5) will return -3. The TRUNC function does no rounding, it simply truncates as specified.

**number**- The number to truncate.**num_digits**- [optional] The precision of the truncation (default is 0).

Use the TRUNC function to remove the fractional part of a number and return just the integer. For example, TRUNC(4.9) will return 4, and TRUNC(-3.5) will return -3. TRUNC *does not do any rounding*, it simply returns the integer part of the number.

### Example #1 - basic usage

### Example #2 - set number of decimal places

TRUNC can also be used to return a set number of decimal places without rounding, using the num_digits argument. For example, TRUNC (PI(), 2) will return 3.14 and TRUNC (PI(), 3) will return 3.141.

### TRUNC vs INT

TRUNC is similar to the INT function because they both can return the integer part of a number. However, TRUNC simply truncates a number, while INT actually rounds a number down to an integer. With positive numbers, and when TRUNC is using the default of 0 for num_digits, both functions return the same results. With negative numbers, the results can be different. INT(-3.1) returns -4, because INT rounds down to the lower integer. TRUNC(-3.1) returns -3. If you simply want the integer part of a number, you should use TRUNC.

### Rounding functions in Excel

Excel provides a number of functions for rounding:

- To round normally, use the ROUND function.
- To round to the nearest multiple, use the MROUND function.
- To round
*down*to the nearest specified*place*, use the ROUNDDOWN function. - To round
*down*to the nearest specified*multiple*, use the FLOOR function. - To round
*up*to the nearest specified*place*, use the ROUNDUP function. - To round
*up*to the nearest specified*multiple*, use the CEILING function. - To round
*down*and return an integer only, use the INT function. - To truncate decimal places, use the TRUNC function.

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