# Excel RANK.AVG Function

The Excel RANK.AVG function returns the rank of a number against a list of other other numeric values. When values contain duplicates, the RANK.AVG function will assign an average rank to each set of duplicates.

*number*- The number to rank.*ref*- An array that contains the numbers to rank against.*order*- [optional] Rank ascending or descending. Default is zero.

The Excel RANK.AVG function assigns a rank to a numeric value when compared to a list of other numeric values. It is not necessary to sort the values in the list before using RANK.AVG.

In the example shown, the formula in D5 is:

=RANK.AVG(C5,points)

where "points" is the named range C5:C12.

### Controlling rank order

The rank function has two modes of operation, controlled by the *order* argument. To rank values where the largest value is ranked #1, set *order* to zero (0), or omit the order argument. To rank values so that the smallest value receives rank #1, set *order* to 1.

For example, with the values 1-5 in the range A1:A5:

Set order to zero (0) when you want to rank something like top sales where the largest sales numbers should get the best rank, and set order to one (1) to rank something like race results where the shortest (fastest) times should rank highest.

### Duplicates

When values to rank contain duplicates, the RANK.AVG function will assign the average rank to each set of duplicates. To assign the same rank to duplicates, see the RANK.EQ function.

### Notes

- If
*order*is 0 or omitted, the largest value is ranked #1. - If
*order*is 1, the smallest value is ranked #1. - It is not necessary to sort the values in the list before using the RANK.AVG function.
- In the event of a tie (i.e. the list contains duplicates) RANK.AVG will assign the average rank value to each set of duplicates.
- Some documentation suggests
*ref*can be an array, but it appears*ref*must be a range.

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