Exceljet

Quick, clean, and to the point

Excel MINA Function

Excel MINA function
Summary 

The Excel MINA function returns the smallest numeric value in a range of values. The MINA function ignores empty cells, but evaluates the logical values TRUE and FALSE as 1 and 0, respectively.

Purpose 
Return smallest value.
Return value 
Smallest numeric value
Syntax 
=MINA (value1, [value2], ...)
Arguments 
  • value1 - Number, reference to numeric value, or range that contains numeric values.
  • value2 - [optional] Number, reference to numeric value, or range that contains numeric values.
Usage notes 

Like the MIN function, the MINA function returns the smallest numeric value in a supplied set of data. For example, the MINA function can return the lowest test score, the fastest time in a race, the lowest temperature, or the smallest sales number. Arguments can be provided as constants, or as cell references or ranges:

=MINA(5,10)
=MINA(A1,A2,A3)
-MINA(A1:A10)

The primary difference between MIN and MINA is that MINA evaluates TRUE and FALSE values as 1 and 0 respectively. Microsoft documentation also suggests that MINA evaluates numbers entered as text differently from MIN:

If you want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the MINA function.

This is a bit confusing. In my testing, MIN and MINA both evaluate text representations of numbers when supplied directly as arguments. For example:

=MINA("5",10) // returns 5
=MIN("5",10) // also returns 5

The difference appears to be that when text values exist in a cell reference, MINA evaluates them as zero in the calculation, whereas MIN simply ignores them. For example, if A1 contains "5", and A2 contains 10:

=MINA(A1,A2) // returns 0
=MIN(A1,A2) // returns 10

Further, MINA appears to evaluate any text value in a cell reference as zero (i.e. "apple" would also evaluate as zero).

Notes

  • The MINA function ignores empty cells.
  • The MINA function accepts up to 255 arguments.
  • If arguments contain no numbers, MINA returns 0.
  • Arguments can be provided as numbers, names, arrays, references, logical values, or numbers as text.
  • MINA function evaluates TRUE and FALSE values as 1 and 0 respectively.
  • In a cell reference, a "number as text" is evaluated (and included) as zero.

Excel Formula Training

Formulas are the key to getting things done in Excel. In this accelerated training, you'll learn how to use formulas to manipulate text, work with dates and times, lookup values with VLOOKUP and INDEX & MATCH, count and sum with criteria, dynamically rank values, and create dynamic ranges. You'll also learn how to troubleshoot, trace errors, and fix problems. Instant access. See details here.