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Excel INT Function

Excel INT function
Summary 

The Excel INT function returns the integer part of a decimal number by rounding down to the integer. Note that negative numbers become more negative. For example, while INT(10.8) returns 10, INT(-10.8) returns -11.

Purpose 
Get the integer part of a number by rounding down
Return value 
The integer part of the number after rounding down
Syntax 
=INT (number)
Arguments 
  • number - The number from which you want an integer.
Version 
Usage notes 

The INT function returns the integer part of a decimal number by rounding down to the integer. It is important to understand that the INT function returns the integer part of a decimal number, after rounding down. One consequence of this behavior is that negative numbers become more negative. For example, while INT(10.8) returns 10, INT(-10.8) returns -11. To return an integer by truncating decimals, see the TRUNC function.

The INT function takes just one argument, number, which should be a numeric value. INT returns a #VALUE! error if number is not a numeric value. If number is already a whole number, INT has no effect.

Examples

When numbers are positive, the INT function rounds down to the next lowest whole number:

=INT(3.25) // returns 3
=INT(3.99) // returns 3
=INT(3.01) // returns 3

Notice INT rounds positive numbers down toward zero. With negative numbers, INT rounds down away from zero:

=INT(-3.25) // returns -4
=INT(-3.99) // returns -4
=INT(-3.01) // returns -4

INT vs. TRUNC

INT is similar to the TRUNC function because they both can return the integer part of a number. However, TRUNC simply truncates a number, while INT actually rounds a number down to an integer. With positive numbers, and when TRUNC is using the default of 0 for num_digits,  both functions return the same results. With negative numbers, the results can be different. INT(-3.1) returns -4, because INT rounds down to the lower integer. TRUNC(-3.1) returns -3. If you simply want the integer part of a number, you should use TRUNC.

Rounding functions in Excel

Excel provides a number of functions for rounding:

Notes

  • INT returns a #VALUE! error if number is not a numeric value.
  • Use the INT function to get an integer from a number by rounding.
  • Use the TRUNC function to return an integer by truncating.

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