# Excel AND Function

The AND function is a logical function used to require more than one condition at the same time. AND returns either TRUE or FALSE. To test if a number in A1 is greater than zero and less than 10, use =AND(A1>0,A1<10). The AND function can be used as the logical test inside the IF function to avoid extra nested IFs, and can be combined with the OR function.

**logical1**- The first condition or logical value to evaluate.**logical2**- [optional] The second condition or logical value to evaluate.

Use the AND function to test multiple conditions at the same time, up to 255 conditions. Each logical condition (**logical1**, **logical2**, etc.) must evaluate to TRUE or FALSE, or be arrays or references that contain logical values.

For example, to test if the value in A1 is greater than 0 and less than 5, use the following formula:

=AND(A1>0,A1<5)

It can be useful to extend the functionality of functions like IF with AND. Using the above example, you can supply AND as the logical_test for the IF function like so:

=IF(AND(A1>0,A1<5), "Approved", "Denied")

This formula will return "Approved" only if the value in A1 is greater than 0 and less than 5.

Notes:

- Text values or empty cells supplied as arguments are ignored.
- The AND function will return #VALUE if no logical values are found or created during evaluation.

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