# Excel AND Function

The Excel AND function is a logical function used to require more than one condition at the same time. AND returns either TRUE or FALSE. To test if a number in A1 is greater than zero and less than 10, use =AND(A1>0,A1<10). The AND function can be used as the logical test inside the IF function to avoid extra nested IFs, and can be combined with the OR function.

**logical1**- The first condition or logical value to evaluate.**logical2**- [optional] The second condition or logical value to evaluate.

The AND function is used to apply more than one condition at the same time, up to 255 conditions. Each logical condition (**logical1**, **logical2**, etc.) must return TRUE or FALSE, or be arrays or references that contain logical values.

### Examples

To test if the value in A1 is greater than 0 and less than 5, use the following formula:

=AND(A1>0,A1<5)

You can embed the AND function inside the the IF function. Using the above example, you can supply AND as the logical_test for the IF function like so:

This formula will return "Approved" only if the value in A1 is greater than 0 and less than 5.

You can combine the AND function with the OR function. The formula below returns TRUE when A1 > 100 and B1 is "complete" or "pending":

See more examples of the AND function in formulas below.

### Notes

- The AND function is not case-sensitive.
- The AND function does not support wildcards.
- Text values or empty cells supplied as arguments are ignored.
- The AND function will return #VALUE if no logical values are found or created during evaluation.

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