## Summary

To sum numbers based on multiple criteria, you can use the SUMIFS function. In the example shown, the formula in I6 is:

``````=SUMIFS(F5:F16,C5:C16,"red",D5:D16,"tx")
``````

The result is \$88.00, the sum of the Total in F5:F16 when the Color in C5:C16 is "Red" and the State in D5:D16 is "TX". Note that the SUMIFS function is not case-sensitive.

## Generic formula

``=SUMIFS(sum_range,range1,criteria1,range2,criteria2)``

## Explanation

In this example, the goal is to sum the values in F5:F16 when the Color in C5:C16 is "Red" and the State in D5:D16 is "TX". This is an example of a conditional sum with multiple criteria and the SUMIFS function is the easiest way to solve this problem.

### SUMIFS function

The SUMIFS function sums cells in a range that meet one or more conditions, referred to as criteria. To apply criteria, the SUMIFS function supports logical operators (>,<,<>,=) and wildcards (*,?) for partial matching. The syntax for the SUMIFS function depends on the number of conditions needed. Each separate condition will require a range and a criteria. The generic syntax for SUMIFS looks like this:

``````=SUMIFS(sum_range,range1,criteria1) // 1 condition
=SUMIFS(sum_range,range1,criteria1,range2,criteria2) // 2 conditions``````

The first argument, sum_range, is the range of cells to sum, which should contain numeric values. Notice the conditions (called criteria) are entered in pairs. Each new condition requires a separate range and criteria.

### Example - Red and TX

We start off with sum_range, which is the range F5:F16:

``=SUMIFS(F5:F16,``

Next, we add the first condition, which is that the Color in C5:C16 is "Red":

``=SUMIFS(F5:F16,C5:C16,"red"``

The range is C5:C16, and the criteria is "red". Note that SUMIFS is not case-sensitive, so "red" will match "Red", "RED", and "red". Next, we need to add the second condition, which is that the State in D5:D16 is "TX". Again, we need to supply both a range and a criteria:

``=SUMIFS(F5:F16,C5:C16,"red",D5:D16,"tx")``

When the formula is entered, the result is \$88.00, the sum of the Total in F5:F16 when the Color in C5:C16 is "Red" and the State in D5:D16 is "TX".

### Example - Red and >20

Next, the goal is to sum the Total in F5:F16 when the color is "red" and the value of Total is greater than \$20. This means we need to include the logical operator (>) in the second criteria. The formula in I7 is:

``=SUMIFS(F5:F16,C5:C16,"red",F5:F16,">20")``

To read more about the syntax needed to apply logical operators and use wildcards with the SUMIFS function, see this page.

Author

### Dave Bruns

Hi - I'm Dave Bruns, and I run Exceljet with my wife, Lisa. Our goal is to help you work faster in Excel. We create short videos, and clear examples of formulas, functions, pivot tables, conditional formatting, and charts.