# VLOOKUP override output

To override output from VLOOKUP, you can nest VLOOKUP in the IF function. In the example shown, the formula in G5 is:

where **key** is the named range B5:C9.

This formula returns standard output when the score >= 60, and "x" for scores less than 60.

### How this formula works

*Note: a simpler approach would be to alter the table used by VLOOKUP directly. But this example explains the mechanics of testing and overriding output from VLOOKUP.*

This formula is based on a simple grading example explained in detail here. For a given score, VLOOKUP uses a existing table, the named range **key** (B5:C9), to calculate a grade. Note match mode is set to approximate.

To override output, VLOOKUP is nested in an IF statement:

The literal translation of this formula is:

*If VLOOKUP returns "F", return "x". Otherwise, return the result from VLOOKUP.*

The result of "x" can be customized as desired. To display nothing, provide an empty string ("").

### Alternative formula

A simpler, less redundant formula can be created by using IF to check the score directly like this:

However, this formula does not technically override the output of VLOOKUP. Instead, it tests the incoming score value and bypasses VLOOKUP entirely if below 60.

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