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Two-way lookup with INDEX and MATCH

Excel formula: Two-way lookup with INDEX and MATCH
Generic formula 
=INDEX(data,MATCH(val,rows,1),MATCH(val,columns,1))
Explanation 

To lookup in value in a table using both rows and columns, you can build a formula that does a two-way lookup with INDEX and MATCH.

In the example shown, the formula in J8 is:

=INDEX(C6:G10,MATCH(J6,B6:B10,1),MATCH(J7,C5:G5,1))

Note that this formula is doing and "approximate match", so row values and column values must be sorted.

How this formula works

The core of this formula is INDEX, which is simply retrieving a value from C6:G10 (the "data") based on a row number and a column number.

=INDEX(C6:G10, row, column)

To get the row and column numbers, we use MATCH, configured for approximate match, by setting the 3rd argument to 1 (TRUE):

MATCH(J6,B6:B10,1) // get row number
MATCH(J7,C5:G5,1) // get column number

In the example, MATCH will return 2 when width is 290, and 3 when height is 300.

In the end, the formula reduces to:

=INDEX(C6:G10, 2, 3)
= 1800
Author 
Dave Bruns

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