At a high level, we using VLOOKUP to extract employee information in 4 columns with ID as the lookup value. The ID value comes from cell I4, and is locked so that it won't change as the formula is copied down the column.
The table array is the table named Table1, with data in the range B5:F104.
The column index is provided by the MATCH function.
And match type is zero, so force VLOOKUP to perform an exact match.
The MATCH function is used to get a column index for VLOOKUP like this:
This is what accomplishes the two-way match. Values in column H correspond to the headers in the table, so these go into match as lookup values.
The array is the headers in Table1, specified as a structured reference.
Match type is set to zero to force an exact match.
MATCH then returns the position of the match. For the formula in I5, this the position is 2, since "First" is the second column in the table.
VLOOKUP then returns the first name for id 601, which is Adrian.
Note: VLOOKUP depends on the lookup value being to the left of the value being retrieved in a table. Generally, this means the lookup value will be the first value in the table. If you have data where the lookup value is not the first column, you can switch to INDEX and MATCH for more flexibility.
This is a standard MATCH formula where the lookup values come from column H, the array is the headers in Table1, and match type is zero, to force an exact match. The only trick to the formula is the use of a structured reference to return a range...
VLOOKUP is an Excel function to look up data in a table organized vertically. VLOOKUP supports approximate and exact matching, and wildcards (* ?) for partial matches. Lookup values must appear in the first...
MATCH is an Excel function used to locate the position of a lookup value in a row, column, or table. MATCH supports approximate and exact matching, and wildcards (* ?) for partial matches. Often, MATCH is combined...
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