The SUMIF function takes three arguments: range, criteria, and sum_range. In this case, we are using:
Range: $B$4:$B$11 - This is the set of cells to which the criteria (a color from column F in this case) will be applied. This is an absolute reference that won't change when the formula is copied down.
Criteria: F5 - a relative address that will changed when copied down. This reference simply picks up the criteria from the adjacent cell in column F.
Sum_range: $D$4:$D$11 - This is the set of cells being summed by SUMIF, when the supplied criteria is TRUE. This is an absolute reference that won't change when the formula is copied down.
Note: if you're looking for a way to count or sum cells filled with specific colors, it's a more difficult problem. If you are using conditional formatting to apply colors, you can use the same logic to count or sum cells with formulas. If cells are filled with colors manually you'll need a different approach. Sumit Bansal has a good summary of options here.
The first range (D4:D11) are the cells to sum, called the "sum range". Criteria are supplied in pairs...(range / criteria). The first criteria pair is (B4:B11 / "blue"). This means cells in B4:B11 must equal "blue". The second criteria pair is (C4:...
The SUMIF function takes three arguments: range, criteria, and sum_range. In this case, we are using: Range: the range of cells (E5:E11) to which criteria in column G is applied. Criteria: G5 - a reference to the adjacent cell in column G, which...
The Excel SUMIF function returns the sum of cells that meet a single condition. Criteria can be applied to dates, numbers, and text. The SUMIF function supports logical operators (>,,=) and wildcards (*,?) for partial matching....
Pivot Tables are fantastic tools for summarizing data, but you can also use formulas to build your own summaries using functions like COUNTIF and SUMIF. See how in this 3 minute video.
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