# How to fix the #N/A error

=IFERROR(FORMULA(),"message")

The #N/A error usually appears when something can't be found or identified. However, #N/A errors can also be caused by extra space characters, misspellings, or an incomplete lookup table. The functions mostly commonly affected by the #N/A error are classic lookup functions, including VLOOKUP, HLOOKUP, LOOKUP, and MATCH. See below for more information and steps to resolve.

### About the #N/A error

The #N/A error appears when something can't be found or identified. It is often a useful error, because it tells you something important is missing – a product not yet available, an employee name misspelled, a color option that doesn't exist, etc.

However, #N/A errors can also be caused by extra space characters, misspellings, or an incomplete lookup table. The functions mostly commonly affected by the #N/A error are classic lookup functions, including VLOOKUP, HLOOKUP, LOOKUP, and MATCH.

The best way to prevent #N/A errors is to make sure lookup values and lookup tables are correct and complete. If you see an unexpected #N/A error, check the following first:

- The lookup value is spelled correctly and does not contain extra space characters.
- Values in the lookup table are spelled correctly and do not contain extra space.
- The lookup table is contains all required values.
- The lookup range provided to the function is complete (i.e. does not "clip" data).
- Lookup value type = lookup table type (i.e. both are text, both are numbers, etc.)
- Matching (approximate vs. exact) is set correctly.

Note: if you get an incorrect result, when you *should see a #N/A error*, make sure you have exact matching configured correctly. Approximate match mode will happily return all kinds of results that are totally incorrect :)` `

### Trapping the #N/A error with IFERROR

One option for trapping the #N/A error is the IFERROR function. IFERROR can gracefully catch any error and return an alternative result .

In the example shown, the #N/A error appears in cell F5 because "ice cream" does not exist in the lookup table, which is the named range "data" (B5:C9).

=VLOOKUP(E5,data,2,0) // "ice cream" is not found

To handle this error, the IFERROR function is wrapped around the VLOOKUP formula like this:

If the VLOOKUP function returns an error, the IFERROR function "catches" that error and returns "Not found".

### Trapping the #N/A error with IFNA

The IFNA function can also trap and handle #N/A errors specifically. The usage syntax is the same as with IFERROR:

The advantage of the IFNA function is that it is more surgical, targeting just #N/A errors. The IFERROR function, on the other hand, will catch any error. For example, even if you spell VLOOKUP incorrectly, IFERROR will return "Not found".

### No message

If you don't want to display any message when you trap an #N/A error (i.e. you want to display a blank cell), you can use an empty string ("") like this:

### INDEX and MATCH

The MATCH function also returns #N/A when a value is not found. If you are using INDEX and MATCH together, you can trap the #N/A error in the same way. Based on the example above, the formula in F5 would be:

Read more about INDEX and MATCH.

### Forcing the #N/A error

If you want to force the #N/A error on a worksheet, you can use the NA function. For example, display #N/A in a cell when A1 equals zero, you can use a formula like this:

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