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Excel GEOMEAN Function

Excel GEOMEAN function

The Excel GEOMEAN function returns the geometric mean for a set of numeric values. Geometric mean can be used to calculate average rate of return with variable rates.

Calculate geometric mean
Return value 
Calculated mean
=GEOMEAN (number1, [number2], ...)
  • number1 - First value or reference.
  • number2 - [optional] Second value or reference.
Usage notes 

The Excel GEOMEAN function calculates the geometric mean. Geometric mean is the average rate of return of a set of values calculated using the products of the terms. The general formula for the geometric mean of n numbers is the nth root of their product. For example:

=GEOMEAN(4,9) // returns 6

The long-hand calculation would be:


The arithmetic mean would be (4 + 9)/2 = 6.5.

In the example shown, GEOMEAN is used to calculate a compound annual growth rate. To to this we use the growth factor values in column D in the GEOMEAN function, then subtract 1. The formula in G7 is:



  1. Arguments can be numbers, names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
  2. Empty cells, and cells that contain text or logical values are ignored.

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