## Purpose

## Return value

## Arguments

*number1*- A number or cell reference that refers to numeric values.*number2*- [optional] A number or cell reference that refers to numeric values.

## Syntax

## Usage notes

The Excel MODE.MULT function returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring number(s) in a numeric data set. The mode is the most frequently occurring number in a set of data. When there is just one mode in a set of data, MODE.MULT will return a single result. If there is more than one mode in supplied data, MODE.MULT will return more than one result. If there are no modes, MODE.MULT will return #N/A.

The MODE.MULT function takes multiple arguments in the form *number1*, *number2*, *number3*, etc. Arguments can be a hardcoded constant, a cell reference, or a range, in any combination. MODE ignores empty cells, text values, and the logical values TRUE and FALSE. The MODE function will accept up to 254 separate arguments.

### Examples

In the example shown, the formula entered in D5:D9 is:

```
=MODE.MULT(B5:B16)
```

In Excel 365, which supports dynamic arrays, multiple results will spill onto the worksheet automatically. In earlier versions of Excel, you will need to enter the formula as a multi-cell array formula. See below for more information.

MODE returns the most frequently occurring number(s) in supplied data. For example,

```
=MODE.MULT(1,2,4,4,5,5,5,6) // returns 5
=MODE.MULT(7,8,9,7,9) // returns 7
```

If there are no duplicate numbers, the MODE.MULT function returns the #N/A error:

```
=MODE(7,9,6,5,3,1,0) // returns #N/A
```

If there is more than one mode in a set of data, MODE.MULT will return more than one result:

```
=MODE.MULT(1,3,3,5,5,7,7,8) // returns {3,5,7}
```

Note: MODE.MULT will not return *any* duplicated number(s), only mode(s).

### Array formula syntax

The MODE.MULT function returns an array of results and must be entered as a multi-cell array formula if you are *not* using Excel 365. Here are the steps:

- Select a vertical range of cells
- Enter MODE.MULT function
- Confirm with control + shift + enter

In each selected cell, MODE.MULT will return a mode value, if one exists.

### Horizontal array

The MODE.MULT function returns results in a vertical array. To return a horizontal array, add the TRANSPOSE function:

```
=TRANSPOSE(MODE.MULT(range))
```

This formula also needs to be entered as an array formula, unless you are using Excel 365, or another version of Excel that supports dynamic arrays.

### Excel 365

In the Dynamic Array version of Excel, MODE.MULT spills the right number of multiple modes automatically with no #N/A errors

### Notes

- If supplied numbers do not contain duplicates, MODE.MULT will return #N/A
- The MODE.MULT function ignores empty cells, and cells that contain boolean values or text.
- Arguments can be numbers, names, arrays, or references.