# Sum formulas only

=SUMPRODUCT(ISFORMULA(range)*range)

To sum values created by formulas only, you can use a formula based on the SUMPRODUCT and ISFORMULA functions. In the example shown, the formula in F6 is:

=SUMPRODUCT(ISFORMULA(sales)*sales)

where **sales** is the named range C5:C16. The result is $5950, the sum of the values in the range C13:C16, which are created with a formula.

In this example, the goal is to calculate a sum of the values in a range that are generated with a formula. In other words, we want to sum values in a range while ignoring the values that have been entered manually. In the context of this example, the hardcoded values in C5:C12 represent *actual* sales values and the values in the range C13:C16 represent *forecasted* values. This problem can be solved with a formula based on the SUMPRODUCT and ISFORMULA functions, as explained below.

### Forecasted values

The forecasted values in the range C13:C16 are created with a formula based on the MROUND function. The formula in C13, copied down, is:

=MROUND(C12*1.05,25)

This formula is used generate values that are 5% higher than the previous month, rounded to the nearest multiple of 25.

### Sum formulas

To sum values in the range C5:C16 that are created with formulas, the formula in F6 is:

=SUMPRODUCT(ISFORMULA(sales)*sales)

This formula uses boolean logic to "filter" the numbers in **sales** (C5:C16) based on whether the values come from a formula or not. The ISFORMULA function created the filter like this:

ISFORMULA(sales)

ISFORMULA returns TRUE when cell contains a formula, and FALSE if not. In this case, there are 12 values in the range C5:C16, so ISFORMULA returns 12 results in an array like this:

{FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;FALSE;TRUE;TRUE;TRUE;TRUE}

Each TRUE value in this array represents a cell that contains a formula. Notice the last 4 values are TRUE. When this array is multiplied by the named range **sales** (C5:C16), the math operation coerces the TRUE and FALSE values to 1s and 0s. We can visualize the formula at this point like this:

=SUMPRODUCT({0;0;0;0;0;0;0;0;1;1;1;1}*sales)

After the multiplication takes place, we have a single array like this:

=SUMPRODUCT({0;0;0;0;0;0;0;0;1375;1450;1525;1600})

Now you can see how the filter works. The values *not* created by formulas are "zeroed out". With just one array to process, SUMPRODUCT sums the array and returns a final result of 5950.

### Not formulas

To sum values *not* generated by a formula, you can add the NOT function like this:

=SUMPRODUCT(NOT(ISFORMULA(sales))*sales)

This is the formula in cell F7. Here, the NOT function *reverses* the TRUE FALSE results returned by ISFORMULA function:

=SUMPRODUCT({1;1;1;1;1;1;1;1;0;0;0;0}*sales)

This causes the formula-created values to be zeroed out:

=SUMPRODUCT({925;1038;1105;1210;1250;1175;1230;1310;0;0;0;0})

The final result from this formula is 9243.

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