# Round a number down to nearest multiple

=FLOOR(number,multiple)

To round a number *down* to the *nearest specified multiple* (i.e. round a price down to the nearest dollar) you can use the FLOOR function. In the example shown, the formula in cell D6 is:

=FLOOR(B6,C6)

The Excel FLOOR function rounds a number *down* to a given multiple. The multiple to use for rounding is given as the second argument (*significance*). If the number is already an exact multiple, no rounding occurs. FLOOR works like the MROUND function, but unlike MROUND, which rounds to the *nearest* multiple, FLOOR always rounds *down* to the given multiple.

In the example shown, the formula in cell D6 is

=FLOOR(B6,C6)

This tells Excel to take the value in B6 ($33.39 ) and round it down to the nearest multiple of the value in C6 (5). The result is $30.00, since 30 is nearest multiple of 5 below 33.39. Likewise, in cell D7, we get 30 when rounding down using a multiple of 10.

You can use FLOOR to round prices, times, instrument readings or any other numeric value.

FLOOR rounds *down* using the multiple supplied. You can use the MROUND function to round to the *nearest multiple* and the CEILING function to round* up* to a multiple.

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