Note: this example assumes that fuel is added to capacity at each gas stop, in order to calculate miles per gallon (MPG) based on the miles driven and fuel used since the last stop. In addition, this example keeps all data in an Excel Table called "data" to illustrate how Tables can make some formulas easier to maintain.
The formula in E5 subtracts the mileage in the row above from mileage in the current row to calculate distance (miles driven) since the last gas stop:
The SUM formula is used only to prevent errors on the first row, where the row above contains a text value. Without SUM, the first row formula will return the #VALUE error. The SUM function however will treat the text in C4 as zero and prevent the error.
The formula in F5 calculates MPG (miles per gallon) by dividing miles driven by gallons used:
The Excel SUM function returns the sum of values supplied. These values can be numbers, cell references, ranges, arrays, and constants, in any combination. SUM can handle up to 255 individual arguments.
The Excel MIN function returns the smallest numeric value in a range of values. The MIN function ignores empty cells, the logical values TRUE and FALSE, and text values.
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