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Convert numbers to text

Excel formula: Convert numbers to text
Generic formula 
=TEXT(A1,"0")
Summary 

To convert numbers into text values, you can use the TEXT function. In the example shown, the formula in C5 is:

=TEXT(B5,"0")

The result is the number 1021 formatted as text "1021". All numbers in column D are formatted as text with the formulas seen in column F.

Explanation 

Normally, you want to maintain numeric values in Excel, because they can be used in formulas that perform numeric calculations. However, there are situations where converting numbers to text makes sense. One example is when you want to concatenate (join) a formatted number to text. For example, "Sales last year increased by over 15%", where the number .15 has been formatted with a percent symbol. Without the TEXT function, the number formatting will be stripped. Another example is when you want to perform a lookup on numbers using wildcards, which can't be done with numeric values.

Convert with formatting

The TEXT function can be used to convert numbers to text using a given number format. In the example shown, the TEXT function is used to convert each number in column B to a text value using the formula and number shown in column F. The TEXT function accepts a number as the value argument, the number format to use as the format_text argument. The number format can include codes for dates, times, numbers, currency, percentage, and so on, as well as custom number formats. Notice the output from the TEXT function is a text value, which is left-aligned by default in Excel.

Convert without formatting

To convert a number in A1 to a text value without number formatting, you can concatenate the number to an empty string ("") like this:

=A1&"" // convert A1 to text

With the number 100 in cell A1, the result is "100".

Author 
Dave Bruns

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