We do that by setting lookup value to zero (0), lookup array to the distance (C5:C12), and match mode to 1.
A match mode value of 1 tells XMATCH to find an exact match or next largest value. Since lookup value is provided as zero (0), XMATCH will find the first distance greater than zero. A nice benefit of XMATCH – what sets it apart from MATCH – is it doesn't the lookup array to be sorted. Regardless of order, MATCH will return the first exact match or next largest value.
In the example, XMATCH returns 5, since the smallest distance is 7 (location G), which appears fifth in the list. The formula resolves to:
The Excel INDEX function returns the value at a given location in a range or array. You can use INDEX to retrieve individual values, or entire rows and columns. The MATCH function is often used together with INDEX to provide row and column...
The Excel XMATCH function performs a lookup and returns a position in vertical or horizontal ranges. It is a more robust and flexible successor to the MATCH function. XMATCH supports approximate and exact matching, reverse search, and wildcards...
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