# Count table columns

COLUMNS(table)

To count columns in an Excel table, you can use the COLUMNS function. In the example shown, the formula in I4 is:

=COLUMNS(Table1)

This formula uses structured referencing, a syntax that allows table parts to be referred to by name. When a table is referred to by the name only, Excel returns a reference to the data region of the table only. In this case, the entire table range is B4:F104 so Table1 returns the range B5:F105 to the COLUMNS function.

COLUMNS then returns a final result of 5, since there are 5 columns in the table.

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