# Basic attendance tracking formula

=COUNTIF(range,"x")

One way to track attendance is with simple formulas based on the COUNTIF function. In the example shown, the formula in M5 is:

=COUNTIF(C5:L5,"x")

### How this formula works

This formula simply uses COUNTIF with a criteria of "x" (not quotation marks) to count x's in each row, where "x" represents "present" and an empty cell represents "absent":

=COUNTIF(C5:L5,"x") // count present

The count absent days, the worksheet uses COUNTIF again, configured to count empty cells:

=COUNTIF(C5:L5,"") // count absent

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